Appellant: Madura Coats Ltd
Respondent: Modi Rubber Ltd & ANR
Civil Appeal No. 1475 of 2006
Supreme Court of IndiaFacts: The appellant (Madura Coats) is aggrieved by the judgment and order dated 20th May, 2004 passed by the Division Bench of the Allahabad High Court in Special Appeal No. 420 of 2004. By the impugned judgment and order the Division Bench allowed the Special Appeal of the respondent and stayed further proceedings before the Company Court consequent upon a winding up order passed against the respondent (Modi Rubber) till a final decision is taken on a reference made by Modi Rubber to the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR). Modi Rubber who entered appearance, but took several adjournments in the matter on one pretext or the other and eventually, after two years of adjournments, the Company Court declined to grant any further adjournment to Modi Rubber. Accordingly, on a consideration of the material on record and after hearing learned counsel for the parties, the Company Court passed an order on 12th March, 2004 holding that Modi Rubber was unable to pay its undisputed debts and that it was just and equitable that the company be wound up. An Official Liquidator was appointed to take charge of the assets of the company and to submit a report along with the inventory. Feeling aggrieved by the winding up order, Modi Rubber preferred an appeal before the Division Bench of the High Court. Before the Division Bench it was brought out for the first time that a reference to the BIFR had been made on 3rd February, 2004 which was received by the BIFR on 4th February, 2004. Thereafter, the application was scrutinized and on 17th March, 2004 the reference made by Modi Rubber was registered as Case No. 153 of 2004. It will be seen that while the application for making a reference was sent to the BIFR before the winding up order was passed by the Company Court, the reference was actually registered after the winding up order was passed by the Company Court. The Division bench allowed the appeal and passed the impugned judgement which is under challenge before the Supreme Court. Decision: Appeal dismissed. Reason: On hearing the learned counsel for the parties on these facts, we are of the opinion that different situations can arise in the interplay between the Companies Act and the Sick Industrial Companies Act, 1985 (SICA) in the matter of winding up of a company and these situations have already been dealt with by this Court. This Court concluded that once a reference is registered after scrutiny, it is mandatory for the BIFR to conduct an enquiry. It was also held that the SICA is intended to revive and rehabilitate a sick industry before it can be wound up under the Companies Act. The legislative intention is to ensure that no proceedings against the assets of the company are taken before any decision is taken by the BIFR because if the assets are sold or the company is wound up, it may become difficult to later restore the status quo ante. However, the High Court took into consideration the following subsequent events:
- A situation when proceedings are pending both before the BIFR and the Company Court but no order of winding up has been passed against the company. In such a situation, this Court stated that provisions of SICA would prevail over the provisions of the Companies Act held in Tata Motors Ltd v. Pharmaceutical Products of India Ltd. (2008) 7 SCC 619).
- Registration of the reference and relying upon Rishabh Agro Industries Ltd. v. P.N.B. Capital Service Ltd (2000) 5 SCC 515, the company was ordered to be wound up but this order was stayed by the Division Bench of the concerned High Court. Thereafter the company made a reference to the BIFR under the SICA.