- Word: “Res Judicata n. Latin, the thing has been judged."
Meaning: An issue that is before a court, has already been decided by another court, between the same parties. Therefore, it will be dismissed by the current court. Example:Andhra Pradesh High Court determines that John is the father of Betty's child. John cannot raise the issue again in another state. Sometimes called res adjudicate.
- Word: "Mutatis Mutandis "
Meaning: The necessary changes having been made; having substituted new terms; with respective differences taken into consideration. Example: The points that the author of the study makes about the town's roads and bridges also apply, mutatis mutandis, to its schools and municipal buildings.