Maxim: Audi alteram partem Origin: Latin phrase Meaning: hear the other side Example:Both the parties should be heard by a judge before arriving into a decision. (i.e. audi alteram partem) Maxim: Nemo debet esse judex in propria causa Origin: Latin phrase Meaning: No man can be a judge in his own cause Example: It applies to two types of cases. Firstly, a judge is precluded from presiding over a case in which s/he directly appears as a party. Secondly a judge is precluded from deciding a case in which s/he has an interest.